Take a look at filtering in some countriesرضا جابری
The expansion of the Internet has made it possible for a wide range of information to be disseminated without restrictions and restrictions across geographic boundaries throughout the world and to become a significant source of communication and information.
The expansion of the Internet has made it possible for a wide range of information to be disseminated without restrictions and restrictions across geographic boundaries all over the world and to become a significant source of communication and information. Easily publishing information and information and access to various types of information has made it possible in some cases Malicious malicious content is also being published which has provided a variety of misuse. Sexual abuse, especially in the area of child abuse, the promotion of violence and corruption, the purchase and sale of drugs, and … has made the need for web control. But the control and supervision of information differs from country to country. The reason why the Internet is filtering in different countries is fourfold: 1 political issues, 2 social issues, 3 security issues and 4 ethical issues. What makes a difference in the basis of filtering in any country? Fundamental values are of interest in that country. Let’s look at the filtering situation in some countries of the world:
The United States: Restricting Internet Access to the Internet in the United States is subject to a special legal system, but it is carried out in a highly professional and non-professional way and is prevented from accessing the various categories of particular websites. At the beginning of the growing Internet era in the decade 90 American parents were afraid of the Internet’s access to the Internet under the influence of a number of published articles on the Internet in large media, which led to the adoption of the Decency Act of Communications in the US Congress. The law allows filtering and tampering with immoral content. Following the adoption of the law, manufacturers of security software for the PCs have released filtering programs. After the September 11 attacks, the government of the United States opened up the filtering area and There was a real challenge facing the internet, and the country’s government adopted rigorous laws that protected civil liberties and protesters against massive protests against the Bush administration.
China: In a study conducted by the Harvard Law School on filtering on websites, China has been at the top of the Internet filtering web page, including that it restricted access to Google due to its privacy and security Use of personal information by users of this service. Among the issues that the Chinese government is sensitive to include is Taiwan’s independence, police violence, the historic Tiananmen Square, the BBC’s WoW porn pornography. The Reporters Without Borders group in China says that Chinese authorities are increasingly using new technologies to control information. The Chinese system of complex filters uses a tens of thousands of human controllers to enforce users. The government of the country is monitoring the surveillance device known as the “Great Firewall” to create a healthy Internet environment for its people.
France: Although the major decisions on the freedom of expression on the Internet and the protection of the privacy of individuals in this area are taken by the European Union, France is one of the few members of the union that has resisted their acceptance and tried to enforce their laws. Including that the results of the search engines, including Google, are manipulated and, in my opinion, makes it native. Also, in the regulatory debate, the LSQ law required all ISPs to keep Internet and e-mail messages for at least one year for their customers, and this law allows the judges and the police to allow personal messages Explore users to discover or prove crime. Filtering is also strongly applied to schools in this country.
Britain: In most European countries, including Britain, more filtering is applied to issues such as child pornography, racism and terrorist acts. A non-profit, nonprofit organization in the country, called the Internet Observatory, has provided a directory of immoral websites that blocked access to these websites by 98% of Internet users in the United Kingdom. In 2006, the British Minister of the Interior promised He said that all of the children’s immoral websites were interrupted, with government reports at the end of 2008 indicating that 95 percent of them had been cut off.
Italy: Internet filtering and internet traffic are said to be very common in Italy. This restricts people’s access to the content of particular websites, and even some television networks. According to the reporters without borders, Italy has specific rules for controlling the content Media and the Internet.
Germany: Internet filtering is done in Germany under federal law, and in certain cases the courts are voting to block certain websites. The blockage of political content has become abundant in this country, an example blocked by the German government for Internet users, is “Holocaust denial” and users can not access the content of articles and writings that deny the Holocaust. To be
Australia: The federal government restricts access to certain websites by internet vendors. The Australian brokers’ party introduced a mandatory Internet filtering scheme for all citizens in 2008, and Australian Communications and Communications Management (AWARC) has provided blacklist listings of websites that have criminal content. Web sites that fall into this black list For every day, $ 11,000 are penalized. Australia’s laws on censorship of the Internet have been introduced, such as the Australian Great Wall and the anti-rabbit wall, which is a series of federal and state laws.
Canada: All content control laws in this country are related to the fight against terrorism, which has intensified since the 9/11 incident. According to its laws, the ISPs are required to register all Internet user activities for 6 months.
India: Filtered items in this country include libel and charge, betting, racism, terrorism and child abuse, and similar cases. The control cases in this country are Internet cafes, which are required to register the national number and the mailing address of the users. Internet cafes are also required to install filtering programs that filter websites according to the law.
Thailand: The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (TAI) has indirectly implemented its policy of blocking websites for blocking websites in 54 countries. Internet filtering in the country has increased the political content of websites Signs.
Saudi Arabia: Due to the vast range of censored websites, including political, religious and sexual, virtually all websites have been discontinued in the country and only access to some of the resources and resources is free. Reports indicate that unethical websites Mostly filtered from other websites, and a total of 86% of non-ethical websites are inaccessible in Saudi Arabia. There are also a large number of websites that report on various religious beliefs and reports, or are related to women. Also, websites that report negative aspects of the Saudi government or do not meet the general Saudi policy in the Middle East. Filter Among the untapped websites, many of the WoW news websites are located in the United States and Israel.
Bahrain: This country is more appealing than Saudi Arabia and Emirate, for example, prompting a user to visit the Pruno website on a timely basis to encourage him to visit filtered websites, but has resumed some of the annoying websites.
Conclusion: There are various types of filtering in different countries of the world, and it is not something that is invented by our country. The most common filtering of websites is related to the countries of North Korea, China and Serbia. In our country, the necessity of organized filtering The law is severely condemned. It should not be possible to grant unrestricted access to all segments of the community to the infinite world of the Internet, since it will be a place to start the injuries and pests that threaten our children and adolescents more than others. Regulated and regulated filtering is a necessity for the health of the Internet and the mental strain of the community.